Conductor: Francesco Pasqualetti
Music by Giuseppe Verdi
Opera in four acts to the Italian libretto by Salvadore Cammarano
based on the play El trovador by Antonio García Gutiérrez
Director, Set & Light designer Filippo Tonon
Costume designer Cristina Aceti
A production by Maribor Slovene National Theatre
Characters & performers
|Il conte di Luna||Domenico Balzani (19, 21, 23, 27/I)|
|giovane gentiluomo aragonese||Stefano Meo (20, 25/I)|
|Leonora||Marily Santoro (19, 21, 23, 27/I)|
|dama di compagnia della principessa d’Aragona||Ana Petricevic (20, 25/I)|
|Azucena||Milijana Nikolic (19, 21, 23, 27/I)|
|zingara della Biscaglia||Isabel De Paoli (20, 25/I)|
|Manrico||Antonello Palombi (19, 21, 23, 27/I)|
|ufficiale del principe Urgel e presunto figlio di Azucena||Dario Prola (20, 25/I)|
|Ferrando, capitano degli armati del conte di Luna||Vladimir Sazdovski|
|Ines, confidente di Leonora||Momoko Nashitani (19, 21, 23, 27/I)|
|Rinako Hara (20, 25/I)|
|Ruiz, soldato al seguito di Manrico||Andrea Schifaudo|
|Un messo||Roberto Miani (19, 21, 23/I)|
|Francesco Paccorini (20, 25, 27/I)|
|Un vecchio zingaro||Fumiyuki Kato|
|Compagne di Leonora, religiose, familiari del conte, soldati, zingari e zingare|
|L’avvenimento ha luogo parte in Biscaglia, parte in Aragona all'inizio del XV secolo.|
RUNNING TIME: ABOUT 2 HOURS AND 40 MINUTES
Part one: ab. 70'
Break: ab. 20'
Part two: ab. 70'
A hall in the palace of Aliaferia, Spain, XV century.
Ferrando, captain of Count of Luna’s guards, is telling his soldiers what happened in the castle more than twenty years before. Their lord, a child, had been bewitched by a gypsy woman, who’s been then imprisoned and burned for that crime. But one of the gypsy’s daughters kidnapped, in revenge, the Count’s baby brother and it seemed that she had thrown him in the same pyre of the gypsy.
A garden in the palace.
The young noble Leonora of Aragon confides to her maid Ines that she can’t forget the sweet singing of an unknown troubadour heard by her window. Now she hears him again in a distance and so she leaves the castle and runs up to him. But she meets the Count of Luna, almost mistaking him in the darkness for the troubadour. The Count, who was going to reach her to declare his love, is mad for jealousy and orders the troubadour to reveal himself. The Count recognizes Manrico as a follower of the rebel prince Urgel and so he challenges him to a duel.
THE GYPSY WOMAN
The gypsies’ camp.
After the duel with Luna, Manrico takes refuge in the gypsies’ camp on the Biscay mountains. Here the gypsy Azucena, whom he believes to be his mother, tells him about the torture that the Count’s father has inflicted to his grandmother. As she tells the story, she gets deeply moved and almost reveals that, mad for pain for her mother’s fate, she’s thrown in the fire the wrong baby. The gypsy interrupts the story as she realizes that she’s unintentionally betraying herself. Manrico wishes to learn more about it, but Azucena doesn’t provide further information. In the meantime, they come to know that the Count of Luna is about to conquer the town of Castellor and that Leonora, thinking of having lost her troubadour, has decided to take her vows. Manrico soon leaves to defend the town and Leonora.
The surroundings of Castellor.
The Count is about to kidnap Leonora. But, as the girl arrives, Manrico appears and prevents Luna from carrying out his purpose. Thanks to the help of Ruiz and other followers of Urgel, Manrico and Leonora can run away together.
THE SON OF THE GYPSY WOMAN
The Count’s camp in the surroundings of Castellor.
The soldiers are going to fight the final battle for the conquest of the town and the Count is determined to tear Leonora from Manrico’s arms. A gypsy woman, arrested as she wandered around the camp, is led before the Count and Ferrando thinks of recognizing in her the girl that had kidnapped the Count’s brother. His suspects are confirmed and so the Count is pitiless towards Azucena: he sends her to the stake as he hears her invoking the name of Manrico.
Chapel in the town hall.
Manrico is giving the last orders for the final battle and also preparing to marry Leonora. But Ruiz arrives and tells him what’s happening in the Count’s camp. Manrico, upset, runs immediately to save his mother.
THE CAPITAL PUNISHMENT
The palace of Aliaferia and the dungeons.
Manrico’s generous attempt to save his mother has no success. Manrico is shut in the dungeon with Azucena: at dawn, he’ll be beheaded. Leonora wants to save her beloved and so she swears to the Count that she will give herself to him but only if he sets the prisoners free. Anyway, to keep the promise she made to Manrico, Leonora decides to sacrifice herself and drinks a poison. Then she announces to Manrico his release, but he rejects the mercy, since he
understands the price that has to be paid. In the meantime, the poison takes effect and Leonora dies in the arms of her troubadour. Ignoring the promise he made, the Count decides to execute Manrico. Right after the execution, Azucena reveals to Luna the terrible truth: mad for pain for her mother’s death, she had put her own son to the stake and so Manrico was the Count’s brother. At last, Azucena has her revenge.